Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
  • Tracking / side bearings
  • Type case
  • Typesetter
  • Type size
  • Type founder
  • The Le Be memorandum
  • Transitionals
  • Type specimen
  • Typescript

Tracking / side bearings

Amount of space that a type designer leaves between characters.

Type case. Plate of the Encyclopédie ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers by Diderot and d'Alembert. Musée de l'Imprimerie de Lyon, inv 1286 3

Type case

A shallow, compartmentalised wooden box used to store moveable lead type. There are many different variations, but in France, the most widely-used case was the "Parisian case". The size and distribution of the type compartments varies depending on the language in use.

Typesetter. Plate of the Encyclopédie ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers by Diderot and d'Alembert. Musée de l'Imprimerie de Lyon, inv 1286 1

Typesetter

A specialised worker responsible for a setting type (using either a type case or a typesetting machine), correction, layout and imposition. Those working on typesetting machines (Linotype, Monotype, etc.) are referred as operators.

Type size

The measure of a character's dimensions, expressed in points. For well-designed characters, different type sizes will have different designs, in order to retain readability.

Le fondeur de caractères; by Jost Amman, plate from the Ständebuch ("Book of trades"), 1568

Type founder

A worker specialised in casting lead type.

The Le Be memorandum

Memorandum drafted in 1643 by Guillaume II Le Bé (son of Guillaume I Le Bé, a type founder and engraver). The memorandum is one of the rare documents that mentions Claude Garamont's career. It mentions that Garamont was apprenticed to Antoine Augereau in 1510, before going to work for Pierre Haultin, Claude Chevallon and finally Chevallon's widow.

Maximilien Vox's classification. Published in: Dossier Vox, Rémy Magermans, 1976, p. 255. Courtesy of André Jammes

Transitionals

Under the Vox-Atypl classification, these are typefaces that represent a transition between the Garaldes, wich were still under the influence of book hands, and the Didones, wich were more rationally and geometrically designed. The most well-known Transitional faces include Bakerville, Fournier and the ubiquitous Times New Roman.

Type specimen

Printed document presenting a representative sample of the typefaces available from a foundry or print shop.

Typescript

Typed (or printed) document intended to be typeset.